The effect of 8 weeks deep-aquatic exercises on static balance and lower body strength among elderly men
Back ground: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of deep aquatic exercises on lower body strength and balance among elderly men.
Methods: Thirty elderly men over 65 years old were randomly divided into two equal groups including experimental and control groups. Experimental group participated in a deep aquatic exercise program that consisted of 60-minute sessions three times a week for 8 weeks while control group had no plan of exercise. Muscle strength and balance was assessed before and after the program as pre and post-test by HHD (Hand-Held Dynamometer) and BBS (Biodex Balance System) respectively. Repeated measures two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed on outcome variables.(p≥0.05).
Results: deep aquatic exercises promoted significant increases in the elderly men's muscle strength and balance, as assessed using HHD (p< 0.001) and the BBS (p< 0.001).
Conclusion: The present deep-aquatic exercise training for the elderly are able to improve the muscle strength and static balance.
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