The effect of 8-week low impact aerobic exercise on plasma fibrinogen concentration in old women

  • Shahla Dehghan Young Researchers Club, Izeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Izeh, Iran
  • Mohammad Faramarzi Assistant professor of Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract

Applied Exercise Physiology focuses on the physiological effects of exercise training on physiological processes, health, and physical well-being. The aim of this study was investigation of effects of 8-week low impact aerobic exercise on plasma fibrinogen concentration in old women. Fibrinogen is one of the most important inflammation factors and a prediction index in cardio vascular diseases. Iranian women especially older ones are generally sedentary because of their traditional and religious believes. Samples were 23 healthy and enable to do physical activity old women of Shahrekord (Chaharmahal va bakhtiary province, Iran) retirement home. Subjects were randomly divided to two groups including experimental (n=14 individuals) and control (n=11 individuals). First, for assessment of fibrinogen level, 5cc blood samples were obtained after 8 hours nightly fasting from anterior vein in resting condition. Experimental group was participated in 8 week (three times a week) LIA training program (15 min in first day with 40% of maximum heart rate until 40 min in last day with 65% of maximum heart rate). All of mentioned measurements repeated at the end of 8 week training. The obtained results showed that 8 week LIA program has significant effect on reduction of old women plasma fibrinogen level (P=0.02). It seems that use of 8 week LIA training has positive effects on improvement of cardiovascular health and prevention of inflammation disease related to plasma fibrinogen level in Iranian old women.
Key words: aerobic exercises, old women, fibrinogen.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Danesh J. (2005). Plasma Fibrinogen Level and the Risk of Major Cardiovascular Diseases and Nonvascular Mortality. journal of American Medical Association, 294(14),1799-1809.
Derek T, Greta L, Jared J, Brian L, & Christopher A. (2003). . Effects of ageing and regular aerobic exercise on endothelial fibrinolytic capacity in humans. Journal of Physiology, 546(1), 289-298.
Desouza C A, Dengel D R, Rogers M A, Cox K, & Macko R F. (1997). Fibrinolytic responses to acute physical activity in older hypertensive men. Journal of Applied Physiology, 82:1765-1770.
Dehghan Sh, Feramarzi M. (2013). The relationship between central and general obesity indices with acute phase proteins (APP) after a period of low impact rhythmic aerobic exercises in older women. Annals of Biological Research, 4(6)140-143.
Dehghan Sh, Sharifi Gh, Faramarzi M. (2009). The effect of eight week low impact rhythmic aerobic training on total plasma homocysteine concentration in older non-athlete women. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 19(72) 53-59.
Ernest E. (1993). Regular exercise reduces fibrinogen levels: a review of longitudinal studies. British journal of sport medicine, 27(3) 175.
Furukawa F, Kazuma K, Kojima M, & Kusukawa R. (2008). Effects of an Off-Site Walking Program on Fibrinogen and Exercise Energy Expenditure in Women Asian Nursing Research. Asian Nursing Research, 2(1),35-45.
Gaeini A A, & Rajabi H. (2005). physical fitness. Tehran: smart Publications.
Lambert C P, & Evans W J. (2005). Adaptations to Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in the Elderly. Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders, 6,137–143.
Lominadze D, Dean W, Tyag S, & Roberts A. (2010). Mechanisms of fibrinogen-induced microvascular dysfunction during cardiovascular disease. Acta Physiolgica, 198, 1–13.
Mazzeo K S. (2001). Fitness through Aerobics& step training. USA: Wands Worth.
Miriam E, Nelson W, Jack R, Steven N, Blair Palmela W, & Duncan J O (2007). Physical Activity and Public Health in Older Adults: Recommendation from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Official Journal of American College of Sport Medicine, 39(8), 1435-1445.
Rana J s, Arsenault B j, Despres J P, Cote M, Talmud P j, Ninio E, et al. (2009). Inflammatory biomarkers, physical activity, waistcircumference, and risk of future coronary heart disease in healthy men and women. European Heart Journal, 1-9.
Smith D T, Hoetzer G L, Greiner J J, Stauffer B L, & DeSouza C A. (2003). Effects of ageing and regular aerobic exercise on endothelial fibrinolytic capacity in humans. Journal of Physiology, 546(1),289-298.
Sumaray M S. (1999). Beyond Coagulation: Fibrinogen as a cause of cardiovascular surgical disease. Cardiovascular Drug Treatments, 12(3), 261-265.
Vilmor J H, & Kastil D L. (2008). Sport Physiology and Physical activty. translated by, Moeni Z and et al. Tehran: Mobtakeran Publications.
Woodward N E, Lowe O, Rumley A, & Tunstall H. (1998). Fibrinogen as a risk factor for coronary heart disease and mortality in middle-aged men and women. European Heart Journal, 19, 55–62.
Published
2013-09-15
How to Cite
Dehghan, S., & Faramarzi, M. (2013). The effect of 8-week low impact aerobic exercise on plasma fibrinogen concentration in old women. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 2(1), 40-45. Retrieved from http://www.ijaep.com/index.php/IJAE/article/view/14
Section
Applied Exercise Physiology