The acute effect of static and dynamic stretching during warm-ups on anaerobic performance in trained women

  • rouhollah haghshenas assistant professor of exercise physiology, semnan university
  • Iman taleb-beydokhti semnan university

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of static stretching, dynamic stretching and no stretching methods on power and speed in volleyball players. Therefore, Twenty-four volleyball players (height: 173.29 ± 7.81 m; mass: 62.12 ± 8.73 kg; age: 22.66 ± 4.02 years; experience: 3.27 ± 6.37) were tested for speed performance using the 20 meter sprint test and also for power using vertical jump test after static stretching, dynamic stretching and no stretching. The results analyzed using ANOVA showed that There was a significant increase in height jump after dynamic stretching against static stretching. But, there were no significant differences between no stretching and static stretching groups. In addition, there was a significant decrease in time 20 meter sprint after dynamic stretching against static stretching and no stretching groups. The results of this study suggest that it may be desirable for volleyball players to perform dynamic exercises before the performance of activities that require a high power output.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Amiri-Khorasani, M., M. Molaei and M. Shojaei (2013). "Acute Effects of Different Stretching Method on High-Speed Motor Capacities in Soccer Players." International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology 2(1): 18-24.
Amiri-Khorasani, M., N. A. A. Osman and A. Yusof (2011). "Acute effect of static and dynamic stretching on hip dynamic range of motion during instep kicking in professional soccer players." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 25(6): 1647-1652.
Asmussen, E., F. Bonde‐Petersen and K. Jørgensen (1976). "Mechano‐elastic properties of human muscles at different temperatures." Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 96(1): 83-93.
Bacurau, R. F. P., G. A. Monteiro, C. Ugrinowitsch, V. Tricoli, L. F. Cabral and M. S. Aoki (2009). "Acute effect of a ballistic and a static stretching exercise bout on flexibility and maximal strength." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 23(1): 304-308.
Bergh, U. And B. Ekblom (1979). "Influence of muscle temperature on maximal muscle strength and power output in human skeletal muscles." Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 107(1): 33-37.
Cornwell, A., A. G. Nelson and B. Sidaway (2002). "Acute effects of stretching on the neuromechanical properties of the triceps surae muscle complex." European journal of applied physiology 86(5): 428-434.
Faigenbaum, A. D., M. Bellucci, A. Bernieri, B. Bakker and K. Hoorens (2005). "Acute effects of different warm-up protocols on fitness performance in children." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 19(2): 376-381.
Faigenbaum, A. D., J. E. Mcfarland, J. A. Schwerdtman, N. A. Ratamess, J. Kang and J. R. Hoffman (2006). "Dynamic warm-up protocols, with and without a weighted vest, and fitness performance in high school female athletes." Journal of athletic training 41(4): 357.
Fletcher, I. M. And R. Anness (2007). "The acute effects of combined static and dynamic stretch protocols on fifty-meter sprint performance in track-and-field athletes." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 21(3): 784-787.
Fletcher, I. M. And B. Jones (2004). "The effect of different warm-up stretch protocols on 20 meter sprint performance in trained rugby union players." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 18(4): 885-888.
Fowles, J., D. Sale and J. Macdougall (2000). "Reduced strength after passive stretch of the human plantarflexors." Journal of applied physiology 89(3): 1179-1188.
Gelen, E. (2011). "Acute effects of different warm-up methods on jump performance in children." Biology of Sport 28(2): 133.
Hilfiker, R., K. Hübner, T. Lorenz and B. Marti (2007). "Effects of drop jumps added to the warm-up of elite sport athletes with a high capacity for explosive force development." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 21(2): 550-555.
Hodgson, M., D. Docherty and D. Robbins (2005). "Post-activation potentiation." Sports Medicine 35(7): 585-595.
Hoffman, J. (2002). Physiological aspects of sport training and performance, Human Kinetics 1.
Kilduff, L. P., H. R. Bevan, M. I. Kingsley, N. J. Owen, M. A. Bennett, P. J. Bunce, A. M. Hore, J. R. Maw and D. J. Cunningham (2007). "Postactivation potentiation in professional rugby players: Optimal recovery." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 21(4): 1134-1138.
Knudson, D., K. BENNETT, R. Corn, D. LEICK and C. SMITH (2001). "Acute effects of stretching are not evident in the kinematics of the vertical jump." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 15(1): 98-101.
Kruse, N. T., M. W. Barr, R. M. Gilders, M. R. Kushnick and S. R. Rana (2013). "Using a Practical Approach for Determining the Most Effective Stretching Strategy in Female College Division I Volleyball Players." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 27(11): 3060-3067.
Little, T. And A. G. Williams (2006). "Effects of differential stretching protocols during warm-ups on high-speed motor capacities in professional soccer players." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 20(1): 203-307.
Mcmillian, D. J., J. H. Moore, B. S. Hatler and D. C. Taylor (2006). "Dynamic vs. Static-stretching warm up: the effect on power and agility performance." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 20(3): 492-499.
Mcneal, J. R. And W. A. Sands (2003). "Acute static stretching reduces lower extremity power in trained children." Pediatric Exercise Science 15(2): 139-145.
Needham, R. A., C. I. Morse and H. Degens (2009). "The acute effect of different warm-up protocols on anaerobic performance in elite youth soccer players." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 23(9): 2614-2620.
Sale, D. G. (2002). "Postactivation potentiation: role in human performance." Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews 30(3): 138-143.
Sargeant, A. J., E. Hoinville and A. Young (1981). "Maximum leg force and power output during short-term dynamic exercise." Journal of Applied Physiology 51(5): 1175-1182.
Shellock, F. G. And W. E. Prentice (1985). "Warming-up and stretching for improved physical performance and prevention of sports-related injuries." Sports Medicine 2(4): 267-278.
Stienen, G., J. Kiers, R. Bottinelli and C. Reggiani (1996). "Myofibrillar atpase activity in skinned human skeletal muscle fibres: fibre type and temperature dependence." The Journal of Physiology 493(Pt 2): 299-307.
Thompsen, A. G., T. Kackley, M. A. Palumbo and A. D. Faigenbaum (2007). "Acute effects of different warm-up protocols with and without a weighted vest on jumping performance in athletic women." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 21(1): 52-56.
Yamaguchi, T., K. Ishii, M. Yamanaka and K. Yasuda (2006). "Acute effect of static stretching on power output during concentric dynamic constant external resistance leg extension." The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 20(4): 804-810.
Published
2014-09-16
How to Cite
haghshenas, rouhollah, & taleb-beydokhti, I. (2014). The acute effect of static and dynamic stretching during warm-ups on anaerobic performance in trained women. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 3(1), 12-20. Retrieved from http://www.ijaep.com/index.php/IJAE/article/view/18
Section
Applied Exercise Physiology