Comparative study of change in physical activity on exercise performance and mental well being

  • Jaman Mohan Harsoda SBKS MEDICAL INSTITUTE AND RESEARCH CENTER, Department of Physiology Professor and head
  • geetanjali purohit SBKS MEDICAL INSTITUTE AND RESEARCH CENTER, Department of Physiology Tutor and PhD student


This study investigated the effects of aerobic exercises training with different modes of physical activity on cardiovascular fitness and mental health. In this regard, 20 young healthy male participants (18 to 30 years) were included in this study. They were divided into 2 groups, 10 in each, groups A and group B. Group A participated in combined limb exercise while Group B participated in walking exercise training under the supervision of a physical trainer. Resting and maximum pulse, resting and maximum systolic and diastolic blood pressure, Treadmill walking exercise fatigue time (TWEFT) and general health questionnaire GHQ-12 were analyzed in both groups before and after the exercise training. Students paired t test was applied for pre and post data analysis. Results showed resting pulse, resting and maximum SBP and TWEFT decrease significantly (p<0.05) after combined limb exercise. Walking exercise alone causes decrease in resting pulse and GHQ score. In conclusion combined limb exercise is more beneficial than walking exercise alone. The cardiovascular fitness is improved after combined limb exercise while the mental well being is more pronounced after walking exercise alone. It can be suggested that combination of both forms of physical activity is the proper way to improve cardiovascular fitness and mental well being simultaneously, if practiced regularly.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription. American College of Sports Medicine- Lea and Fabiger 1988:168-69.
2. Cash-Smith S. Women and cardiovascular disease. Clinical brief. AAOHN J 2002; 50(10):443-8.
3. Laukkanen RM, Kalaja MK, Kalaja SP, Holmala EB, Pad- volainen LM, Tummvuori M, et al. Heart rate during aerobic classes in women with different previous experience of aerobics. Eur J Appl Physiol 2001;84:64-8.
4. Shimamoto H, Adachi Y, Takahashi M, Tanaka K. Low impact aerobic dance as a useful exercise mode for reducing body mass in mildly obese middle-aged women. Appl Hu- man Sci 1998; 17(3):109-14.
5. Garrick JG, Regua RK. Aerobic dance: a review. Sports Med 1998;6:169-79.
6. Poderys J. Asmens sveikatos ugdymas (Personal health promotion.) Kaunas: Kauno medicinos universitetas; 2000
7. Shephard RJ, Balady GJ. Exercise as cardiovascular therapy. Circulation 1999;99:963-72.
8. Goldberg, D. & Williams, P. (1988) A users guide to the General Health Questionnaire. Slough: NFER- Nelson
9. Park SK, Park JH, Kwon YC, Yoon MS, Kim CS. The effect of long-term aerobic exercise on maximal oxygen consumption, left ventricular function and serum lipids in elderly women. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci 2003;22(1): 11-7.
10. Garrick JG, Regua RK. Aerobic dance: a review. Sports Med 1998;6:169-79.
11. Shephard RJ, Balady GJ. Exercise as cardiovascular therapy. Circulation 1999;99:963-72.
12. Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR, Franklin BA, Lamonte MJ, Lee IM. American College of Sports Medicine. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011;43:1334–59.
13. Fletcher GF, Balady GJ, Amsterdam EA, Chaitman B, Eckel R, Fleg J. Exercise standards for testing and training: An statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2001;104:1694–740.
14. Mezzani A, Agostoni P, Cohen-Solal A, Corra U, Jegier A, Kouidi E. Standards for the use of cardiopulmonary exercise testing for the functional evaluation of cardiac patients: a report from the Exercise Physiology Section of the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2009;16:249–67.
15. Myers J, Prakash M, Froelicher V, Do D, Partington S, Atwood JE. Exercise capacity and mortality among men referred for exercise testing. N Engl J Med. 2002;346:793–801.
16. Jone DR, Speier J, Canine K, Owen R, Stull A. Cardiorespiratory responce to aerobic training by patients with poliomyelitis sequelae. JAMA 1989;261(22):3255-58.
17. De Meersman R E. Heart rate variability and aerobic exercise. Am Heart J. 1993;725:26
18. Harsoda JM, Purohit G. Effect of different modes of aerobic exercise on cardiorepiratory efficiency and exercise performance in sedentary males. IJBAP 2013;2(1): 72-78
19. Folkins, Carlyle H.; Sime, Wesley E . Physical fitness training and mental health. American Psychologist, Vol 36(4), Apr 1981, 373-389.
20. Goldberg D, Huxley P. (1980) Mental Illness in the community: The pathway to psychiatric care. London: Tavistock Publications
21. Goldberg, D. Identifying psychiatric illnesses among general medical patients. British Medical Journal 1985;291: 161-62
22. Ussher MH, Owen CG, Cook DG, Whincup PH. The relationship between physical activity, sedentary behaviour and psychological wellbeing among adolescents. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2007;42:851–6.
23. De Moor MH, Beem AL, Stubbe JH, Boomsma DI, De Geus EJ. Regular exercise, anxiety, depression and personality: A population-based study. Prev Med. 2006;42:273–9.
24. Monshouwer K, Ten Have M, Van Poppel M, Kemper H, Vollebergh W. Low physical activity in adolescence is associated with increased risk for mental health problems. Med Sport. 2009;13:74–81.
25. Lee C, Russell A. Effects of physical activity on emotional well-being among older Australian women. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. J Psychosom Res. 2003;54:155–60.
26. ten Have M, de Graaf R, Monshouwer K. Physical exercise in adults and mental health status Findings from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS) J Psychosomat Res. 2011;71:342–8.
27. De Moor MH, Boomsma DI, Stubbe JH, Willemsen G, De Geus EJ. Testing causality in the association between regular exercise and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry.2008;65:897–905.
28. Kritz-Silverstein D, Barrett-Connor E, Corbeau C. Cross-sectional and prospective study of exercise and depressed mood in the elderly. The Rancho Bernardo Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2001;153:596–603.
29. Wiles NJ, Jones GT, Haase AM, Lawlor DA, Macfarlane GJ, Lewis G. Physical activity and emotional problems among adolescents. A longitudinal study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol.2008;43:765–72.
30. Rezaeeshirazi R, Hossini F, Tarasi Z, Shaygan Asl N. The effect of an aerobic exercise program on general health and hepatic enzymes among incarcerated addicts. Aust J Basic Appl Sci. 2011;10:1191–4.
31. Abbas Y, Abbasi NM, Vahidi R, Najafipoor F, Farshi MG. Effect of exercise on psychological well-being in T2DM. J Stress Physiol Biochem. 2011;7:132–42.
32. O’Donovan G, Biddle S, Blazevich A, et al, Dose response relationship between physical activity and mental health: The Scottish Health Surve J Sport Sci , 2008.
How to Cite
Harsoda, J., & purohit, geetanjali. (2014). Comparative study of change in physical activity on exercise performance and mental well being. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 3(1), 36-43.
Applied Exercise Physiology