Comparison of three methods of weight training to increase the power of the male students of Mazandaran University of Science and Technology
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of three methods of weight training on Pectoral and quadriceps muscles of the thigh. The sample comprised 40 male students of Mazandaran University of Science and Technology formed. The maximum power of the test subjects with the gestures of one repetition maximum bench press and knee extension were measured before and after the course. Then, subjects were randomly assigned to three experimental groups (n = 10 per group) were placed in a control group of 10 subjects. Subjects in each group 8 weeks, 3 sessions per week for 45 minutes each session rehearsed. The control group subjects continued their normal life. Data using one-way ANOVA and post hoc LSD test with SPSS20 software at a significance level (p<0.05) were analyzed. Pectoral and quadriceps muscle strength training, all three groups were significantly increased compared with the control group. The flat pyramidal groups showed a significant increase in pectoral muscle strength and according to the findings of this study we can conclude that the purpose of weight training is to increase the power of the pyramid using flat priorities are skewed pyramid and inverted pyramid technique.
Keywords: weight training, increase the power, the male students
AMERICAN COLLEGE of SPORTS MEDICINE, (1998). Position stand: the recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults, Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 30:975–991.
Arnhim, D.D., and Prentice, W.E. (1993). “Principle of athletic training” St. Louis: Mosby.
Bompa, T. (1999). “Periodization training for sports, Human kinetic publisher”. PP:52-56.
DeLorme, T. L. (1946). Heavy resistance exercises. Archives of Physical Medicine 27, 607-630.
Fish, D.E.; Krabak, B.J. Johnson-G D; Delateur, B.J. (2003). Optimal resistance training: Comparison of DeLorme with Oxford techniques, (82), 12: 903-909.
Fleck SJ, and Kraemer WJ. (2004). Designing Resistance Training Programs. 3rd ed. Champaign, Ill: Human Kinetics.
Fox, S.I. (2012). Human Physiology Hope College Biology Department. Class Times Lecture 221-01 09:30 - 10:20 a.m. M W F (Barney). http://www.amazon.com/Human-Physiology-Stuart-Ira-Fox/dp/0073040762.
Gaeini, A.A., Arzi, H., Esmaeili, J. (2009). Compare weight training (pyramid and inverted pyramid) on the pectoral muscle strength in athlete's beginner, journal of movement, 35;129-141.
Herring R. (2002), “Reverse pyramid training”. Stre and cond research, 25(3):213-231.
Hettinger, T. (1961). Physiology of Strength. Springfield: C. C. Thomas. 1961.
Jeff chandler T, Brown L. (2007), “Conditioning for strength and human performance” LWW publisher, PP: 50-200
Kordbache, Q., (2008). Comparison of two methods of selection of resistance training on quadriceps muscle peak power and large breasts, journal of movement, 31; 5-26.
Kraemer, W.J., & Ratamess, N.A. (2000). Physiology of resistance training: current issues. Orthop. Phys. Therapy Clin. North Am.: Exerc. Tech. 9:4. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders, 467– 513.
Kraemer, W.J, Ratamess NA, French DN. (2002). Resistance training for health and performance. Curr Sports Med Rep; 1: 165-71.
Kraemer, W.J & Ratamess, N.A., (2003). Fundamentals of Resistance Training: Progression and Exercise Prescription, Med. Sci. Sports Exarch.
Paulsen G, Mykelstad D, Raastad T. (2003). The influence of volume of exercise on early adaptations to strength training. J Strength Cond Res. 17:115-120.
Robert A. Robergs, R.A, Roberts, S. (2000). Fundamental Principles of Exercise Physiology with PowerWeb: Health & Human Performance, Mcgraw-Hill College.
Rhea MR, Alvar BA, Burkett LN, Ball SD. (2003). A meta-analysis to determine the dose response for strength development. Med Sci Sports Exerc.;35:456-464.
Tan, B. (1999). Manipulating resistance training program variables to optimize maximum strength in men: a review. J. Strength Cond. Res. 13:289–304.