A comparative study to identify a suitable model of ownership for Iran football pro league clubs

  • Saeed Amirnejad PhD Student, Department of Sport Management, Kharazmi University
  • Ali Reza Elahi Associate Professor, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Sport Management, Kharazmi University
  • Hossein Akbari Yazdi Assistant professor, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Department of Sport Management, Kharazmi University
Keywords: Ownership, Football, Comparative, Club, Iran

Abstract

Today the government ownership of the professional football clubs is absolutely illogical view point. Most of sports clubs are conducted by private sector using different models of ownership all over the world. In Iran, government credits benefit was main reason that the professional sport was firstly developed by government firms and organizations. Therefore, the sports team ownership is without the professionalization standards. The present comparative study was to examine the different football club ownership structures of the top leagues and the current condition of Iran football pro league ownership and then present a suitable ownership structure of Iran football clubs to leave behind the government club ownership. Among the initial 120 scientific texts, the thirty two cases including papers, books and reports were found relevant to this study. We studied the ownership prominence and several football club models of ownership focused on stock listing model of ownership, private investor model of ownership, supporter trust model of ownership and Japan partnership model of ownership; theoretical concepts, empirical studies, main findings, strengths and weaknesses were covered in analysis procedure. According to various models of ownership in leagues and the models’ productivity in football clubs, each model of ownership considering national environmental, economic, social conditions has strengths and weaknesses. So, we cannot present a definite model of ownership for Iran football pro league clubs due to different micro-environments of Iran clubs. We need a big planning to provide a supporter-investor mixed model of ownership to Iranian clubs. Considering strengths and weaknesses in the models of ownership as well as the micro and macro environment of Iran football clubs, German model and Japan partnership model are offered as suitable ones to probable new model of ownership in Iran pro league clubs. Consequently, more studies are required to find a suitable model of ownership based on environmental conditions in Iran. 

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Published
2018-01-22
How to Cite
Amirnejad, S., Elahi, A. R., & Akbari Yazdi, H. (2018). A comparative study to identify a suitable model of ownership for Iran football pro league clubs. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 7(1), 30-47. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22631/ijaep.v7i1.255
Section
Review