Effects of Lower Body Plyometric Training on Vertical Jump Performance and Pulmonary Function in Male and Female Collegiate Volleyball Players

  • Usman T Department of Applied Zoology, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri- 574199, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
  • K B Shenoy Department of Applied Zoology, Mangalore University, Mangalagangotri- 574199, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Purpose: Plyometric exercises increase the speed of muscular contraction and elevates athletic prowess.  The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of lower body plyometric training on vertical jump performance and pulmonary function in male and female collegiate volleyball players.
Methods:  The programme was conducted twice a week, for an 8- week period on a group of 120 male and female collegiate volleyball players, 18-22 years of age. The samples were divided into four equal groups. All the players were tested for vertical jump height (VJH), forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), using Sargent jump test and pulmonary function test prior to starting the training programme. Assessments were done at the end of 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks of training period.
Result: The findings of the study showed significant change in vertical jump height, forced vital capacity, and forced expiratory volume in one second, at the end of 2 weeks onwards, and the highest response was obtained at the end of 8 weeks. The effect was significantly higher as compared to the control group (P<0.05), and male players showed greater improvement than females.
Conclusion: From the study, it can be concluded that lower body plyometric training twice a week, for 8 weeks showed significant improvement in vertical jump performance and pulmonary function in both male and female collegiate volleyball players.
Key words:      Forced vital capacity; Forced expiratory volume in one second; Vertical jump height.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Bobbert, M.F. Drop jumping as a training method for jumping ability. Sports Med. 1990; 9:7–22.
2. Potteiger, J.A., Lockwood, R.H., Haub, M.D., et al. Muscle power and fiber characteristics following 8 weeks of plyometric training. J. Strength Cond. Res. 1999; 13:275–79.
3. Canavan, P.K., Vescovi, J.D. Evaluation of power prediction equations: peak vertical jumping power in women. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2004; 36:1589–93.
4. Ebben, W.P., Blackard, D.O. Strength and conditioning practices of National Football League strength and conditioning coaches. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2001; 15:48–58.
5. Ebben, W.P., Carroll, R.M., Simenz, C.J. Strength and conditioning practices of National Hockey League strength and conditioning coaches. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2004; 18:889–97.
6. Simenz, C.J., Dugan, C.A., Ebben, W.P. Strength and conditioning practices of National Basketball Association strength and conditioning coaches. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2005; 19:495–504.
7. Markovic, G., Jukic, I., Milanovic, D. et al. Effects of sprint and plyometric training on muscle function and athletic performance. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2007; 21:543–9.
8. Malisoux, L., Francaux, M., Nielens, H. et al. Stretch-shortening cycle exercises: an effective training paradigm to enhance power output of human single muscle fibers. J. Appl. Physiol. 2006; 100:771–9.
9. Fleck, S.J., Kraemer, W.J. Designing resistance training program. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 2004.
10. Blattner, S.E., Noble, L. Relative effects of isokinetic and plyometric training on vertical jumping performance. Res. Q. 1979; 50:583–8.
11. Dvir, Z. Pre-stretch conditioning: the effect of incorporating high vs low intensity pre stretch stimulus on vertical jump scores. Part II. Aust. J. Sci Med. Sport 1985; 17:15–19.
12. Brown, M.E., Mayhew, J.L., Boleach, L.W. Effect of plyometric training on vertical jump performance in high school basketball players. J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness 1986; 26:1–4.
13. Adams, K., O’Shea, J.P., O’Shea, K.L. et al. The effect of six weeks of squat, plyometric and squat-plyometric training on power production. J. Appl. Sport Sci. Res. 1992; 6:36–41.
14. Wilson, G.J., Murphy, A.J., Giorgi, A. Weight and plyometric training: effects on eccentric and concentric force production. Can. J. Appl. Physiol. 1996; 21:301–15.
15. Gehri, D.J., Ricard, M.D., Kleiner, D.M. et al. A comparison of plyometric training techniques for improving vertical jump ability and energy production. J. Strength Cond. Res. 1998; 12:85–9.
16. Fatouros, I.G., Jamurtas, A.Z., Leontsini, D. et al. Evaluation of plyometric exercise training, weight training, and their combination on vertical jumping performance and leg strength. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2000; 14:470–6.
17. Matavulj, D., Kukolj, M., Ugarkovic, D. et al. Effects of plyometric training on jumping performance in junior basketball players. J. Sports Med. Phys. Fitness 2001; 41:159–64.
18. Spurrs, R.W., Murphy, A.J., Watsford, M.L. The effect of plyometric training on distance running performance. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2003; 89:1–7.
19. Kotzamanidis, C. Effect of plyometric training on running performance and vertical jumping in prepubertal boys. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2006; 20:441–5.
20. Adams, T.M. An investigation of selected plyometric training exercises on muscular leg strength and power. Track Field Q. Rev. 1984; 84:36–9.
21. Luebbers, P.E., Potteiger, J.A., Hulver, M.W. et al. Effects of plyometric training and recovery on vertical jump performance and anaerobic power. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2003; 17:704–9.
22. Herrero, J.A., Izquierdo, M., Maffiuletti, N.A. et al. Electro stimulation and plyometric training effects on jumping and sprint time. Int. J. Sports Med. 2006; 27:533–9.
23. Lehnert, M., Lamrova, I., Elfmark, M. changes in speed and strength in female volley ball players during and after a plyometric training program. Acta. Univ. Palacki, Gymn. 2009; 39(1); 59-66.
24. Stojanovic, N., Jovanovic, N., Stojanovic, T. The effects of plyometric training on the development of the jumping ability in volley ball players. Facta Univ Phys Edu and Sport 2012; 10(1): 59-73.
25. Zhang, X. Research of jumping ability and explosive power based on plyometric training. Info and Manage Science III 2013; 206: 427-433.
26. Cedric N., Fabien D., Comlavi, G., Georges B., Claudine F. et al. High intensity intermittent running training improves pulmonary function and alters exercise breathing pattern in children. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 2005; 94: 415-423.
27. Shivesh P., Sushant M., Ujjwal R. Athletes, yogis and individuals with sedentary lifestyles; do their lung functions differ? Ind. J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 2007; 51(1):76-80.
28. Jim Radcliffe. High powered plyometrics: Human kinetics, 2005.
29. Sergeant D A. The physical test of a man. American physical education review, 1921: 26:188-194.
30. American Thoracic society. Standardization of spirometry. Am.Rev Respir Dis, 1979:199:831-838.
31. Quanjer PhH, Tammeling G J, Cotes J E, Pederson O F, Peslin R and Yernault J C. standardized lung function testing. Eur. Resp. J, 1995:8: 1629.
32. Hopkins, W.G. A scale of magnitudes for effect statistics. newstats.org/effectmag. html. Published 2002. Updated August 7, 2006. Accessed March 2, 2011.
33. Markovic, G. Does plyometric training improve vertical jump height? A meta analytical review. J. Sports Med 2007; 41:349-355.
34. Potach, D., Chu, D. Plyometric training. In: Earle, R.W., Baechle, T.R. Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2004:427-470.
35. de Villarreal, E.S., Kellis, E., Kraemer, W.J., Izquierdo, M. Determining variables of plyometric training for improving vertical jump height performance: a meta-analysis. J. Strength Cond. Res. 2009 Mar; 23(2):495-506.
36. Fanta, C.H., Leith, D.E., Brown, R. Maximal shortening of inspiratory muscles: effect of training. J. Appl. Physiol. 1983; 54: 1618-1623.
37. Mehrotra, P.K., Varma, N., Tiwari, S. et al. Pulmonary functions in Indian sportsmen playing different sports. Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol. 1998; 42:412–16.
38. Doherty, M., Dimitriou, L. Comparison of lung volume in Greek swimmers, land based athletes, and sedentary controls using allometric scaling. Br. J. Sports Med. 1997; 31:337–41.
Published
2015-09-16
How to Cite
T, U., & Shenoy, K. B. (2015). Effects of Lower Body Plyometric Training on Vertical Jump Performance and Pulmonary Function in Male and Female Collegiate Volleyball Players. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 4(2), 9-19. Retrieved from http://www.ijaep.com/index.php/IJAE/article/view/32
Section
Applied Exercise Physiology